Diabetes

The information below was taken and/or adapted from the websites below. Go to these sites to learn more about diabetes:

http://ndep.nih.gov/diabetes/diabetes.htm
http://ndep.nih.gov/campaigns/SmallSteps/SmallSteps_index.htm
http://www.diabetes.org/about-diabetes.jsp

What is diabetes?

Having diabetes means that the concentration of sugar in your blood is too high.

There are three main types of diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2, and third, women can get during pregnancy call gestational diabetes.

People with type 1 diabetes cannot make their own insulin, which controls the level of sugar in the blood. Type 1 diabetes usually starts in childhood or adolescence. People with type 2 diabetes can make their own insulin, but their body does not use it properly. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It can start in childhood or later as an adult. Type 2 diabetes is closely related to being overweight or obese.

How do I get diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes has a strong genetic connection but environmental factors also play a role. If there is a family history of type 1 diabetes, it means that you are at high risk of getting it as well.

Obesity is a strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Maintaining an ideal weight in relationship to your height is the best way to prevent and improve type 2 diabetes. Your ideal body weights are calculations of your body mass index (BMI) that are less that 24.9. Calculate your Body mass index:
http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi/.

To see if you are at risk, take this test:
http://www.diabetes.org/risk-test.jsp

What are the symptoms?

These symptoms may include: Frequent urination, extreme hunger, frequent thirst, unusual weight loss, increased fatigue, irritability, and blurry vision.

Sometimes people may not recognize the symptoms get diagnosed, because the symptoms are often not worrisome enough for people to go to a doctor to get checked out.

What can I do to prevent diabetes?

There are a few simple steps to take that are very effective in reducing a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Maintaining a healthy ideal weight is key! ( see above) These steps include making changes in diet to eat healthier and increasing level of physical activity to 30 minutes 5 days a week. A 5-10% reduction in body weight can reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes. It can also decrease your need for medications if you have type 2 diabetes.

How do I treat Diabetes?

Once diagnosed, you will need to learn how to manage your diabetes and learn how to change your lifestyle to keep yourself healthy. Talk with your doctor, and always feel free to come to the Young Men's Clinic to ask us.